GEOGRAPHICAL BACK GROUND

 
 

 


GEOGRAPHICAL BACK GROUND

 

Geographical Details.

Ø      Revenue Blocks            :           7

Ø      Educational Blocks       :           9

Ø      Gramapanchayaths       :           236

Ø      Revenue villages           :           1328

Ø      Habitation                     :           1984

Location and Area.

The district lies between 110 60” and 210 17” North latitude and 750 19” and 770 77” East longitude.  Physiographically it lies partly between maiden and semi-malnad range at an altitude of 610 meters from the sea level.  The district covers a total geographical area of 6,76,382 hectares of which 62,851 hectares constitutes forest land.  The net cultivable land is 4,86,410 hectares and 1,14,010 hectares of land is irrigated.  The prominent river of the district is cauvery.   Mysore district may be considered as one of the prosperous district of the state based on the development and utilization of irrigation facilities, abundance of forest wealth and its sericultural products.

Agro-Climatic Conditions.

The climatic conditions of the district are favourable to the crops like Paddy, Jawar, Ragi, Pulses, Sugarcane and Tobacco.  The district can be divided into two agro-climatic zones.  Southern dry zone comprising of 4 taluks namely, Nanjangud, T.Narasipur, Mysore and K.R.Nagar and southern transition zone consisting of H.D.Kote, Hunsur, & Periyapatna.  Soil is red sandy loam in most of the areas of the district.  The annual rainfall ranges from 670 mm to 888.6mm in dry zones and from 611.7mm to 1053.9mm in the transition zone.  The average annual rainfall is 782mm.  The temperature ranges from 110 C to 380 C.  Thus the climate of Mysore district is temperate with moderate variations in temperature in different seasons.

Languages.

The spoken languages of Mysore district & the percentage of speakers are as follows.

·        Kannada-83% ( Third highest in Karnataka state. Mandya 92% & Hassan 86%)

·        Urdu- 6%, Telugu-3%, Tamil- 4%, Marathi-1%,  Malayalam-0.55%, Tulu-0.18%,  Konkani-0.13% and Lamani-0.12%  in the district according to the 1971 census.

Religions.

As per 1981 census, the notable religions in the district are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Jainism and Buddhism.

Socio-Economic Condition.

64.21% of population belongs to rural area and their main occupation is agriculture.  SC and ST population of HD.Kote, Nanjangud, Hunsur and Periyapatna have low standard of living and also low literacy level.

 

IMPORTANT PLACES.

  1. Maharaja’s Palace.
  2. Jaganmohan Palace Art Gallery.
  3. St.Philomena’s Church.
  4. JayaChamarajendra Zoological Garden.
  5. Chamundi Hill.
  6. Lalithamahal Palace.
  7. Kaveri Arts & Crafts Emporium.
  8. Town Hall.
  9. Curzon Park.
  10. Mysore University.
  11. Natural History Museum.
  12. Milk Diary.
  13. Kalamandira.

IMPORTANT LAKES.

  1. Karanji Lake.
  2. Kukkarahalli Lake.
  3. Lingambudi Lake.

INDUSTRIES.

  1. SILK Factory.
  2. Sandal Wood Factory.
  3. Lac & Paint.
  4. Fertilizers.
  5. BEML.
  6. TVS Industries.
  7. Vikranth Tyres.
  8. Falcon Tyres.
  9. AT & S.
  10. Automative Axile.
  11. Nestle
  12. Paper mill
  13. Atlanta mill
  14. Reid & Talor.
  15. S.Kumar’s
  16. Small scale industries – Match box, Dyanamo, Garment.

 

RESEARCH CENTRES.

  1. C.F.T.R.I.
  2. D.F.R.L.
  3. C.I.I.L.
  4. INFOSYS.

 

 

 

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND.

 

History

Mysore forms the southern most district of Karnataka state and is situated in the southern part of Deccan peninsula.  The name Mysore is derived from Mahishasura, the buffalo-headed demon who lived in this area and was killed by Goddess Chamundi.

 Mysore was the name, by which Karnataka state was known prior to 1973.  It is now the head quarter of the district and also the revenue division.  It is also known as one of the garden cities of India and is famous for the pomp and gaiety of its traditional Dasara festival. It also has a historical significance of being ruled by Hyder and Tipu.  Some of the places belonging to the Mysore district are of great antiquity, which includes Tirumakudalu Narasipura, Hemmige etc.

Tourism:

Some of the important tourist places of the district are:

(1)      Maharaja’s Palace:- Built in the Indo-Saracenic style, the Palace is a magestic structure at the heart of the city.  It was designed by Henry-Irwin. The dolls hall, the kalyana mantap containing life size paintings and murals of the Dasara procession, Durbar hall and the Ambavilas are open to the visitors.  The golden throne is displayed only during Dasara festival.

(2)      Jaganmohan Palace Art Gallery:-  The building was built in 1861 and was converted into an art gallery during the reign of Krishnaraja Wodeyar-IV.  It has paintings of the members of the royal family.  Works of Raja Ravivarma and other Indian and western painters, display of furnitures, glass and chinawares, oriental and western, decorative arts sculpture and musical instruments.

(3)      St.Philomena’s Church:-  It has beautifully stained glass windows, built in the Gothic style and it is one of the largest church in the country.

(4)       Chamarajendra Zoological Garden:-  Started in the year 1892, spread over an area of 37.25 hectares is laid out in beautiful garden. Efforts have been made to create a natural habitat for a variety of birds and animals.

(5)      Chamundi Hill:-  A prominent landmark located at the outskirts of the city, can be reached by road or by climbing up 1000 steps.. Temple of goddess Chamundi which was built by Wodeyars is on top of the hill.   Goddess Chamundi is the family deity of the rulers.  The statue of the demon Mahishasura who was killed by goddess Chamundi is near the temple.

(6)      Govt. Silk Factory:- The renowned Mysore silks are woven here. 

(7)      Govt Sandal Wood Oil Factory:- Aromatic oil from the sandal tree is produced here.

(8)      Lalithamahal Palace:-   It is built at the foots of Chamundi hill. This palace was used to accommodate Royal guests.  Palace is white in colour; Krishnaraja Wodeyar built its dome in 1921. Several ornamentation in this building is reminiscent of British Palaces.

(9)      Somanathapura:-  This Star based temple which is an architectural marvel was built in 1268 AD by a Hoysala general Somanatha Dandanayaka.   It is famous for its elaborate architecture and sculptures on fine stone. The Hoysala architecture reached it’s perfection in Somanathapur.

(10)  Bylakuppe:-  A small village on the Mysore-Madikeri road, Bylakuppe became famous as a rehabilitation centre for Tibetan refugees. Buddhist, Golden temple is a new attraction for the tourists.

(11)  Gomatagire:-  Located about 18 kms from Mysore on Hunsur road a Jain piligrim center.

(12)  Kabini River Lodge:-   80 kms from Mysore on the banks of the river kabine, sets the Kabini River lodge, rated as one of the top five eco resorts. To view the wild life one can venture on a jeep safari or an elephant safari or by drifting downstream sitting in a coracle.

(13)   Talakad:-  Famous for Panchalinga Darshana, located on the Banks of river Cauvery.  It is fully surrounded by sand beds.

(14)  T.Narasipura:-  Famous for Triveni Sangama & Kumbamela performed once in 3 years. 

(15)  Nanjanagud:-  The place is known as Dakshina Kashi with temple of Srikanteshwara  built on the bank of river Kabini & also famous for Suttur Mutt.

General Information.

Table 1.1:General information of the district.

Block Name

Revenue

Villages

Habitations

Grama

Panchayaths

Wards

Area in

Sq Kms.

H.D.Kote

281

438

32

38

1618

Hunsur

210

212

30

23

897

K.R.Nagara

176

248

31

23

605

Mysore Urban

-

65

-

65

815

Mysore Rural

140

206

35

4

Nanjangud

188

255

45

27

982

Periyapatna

201

356

27

13

815

T.Narasipura

132

204

36

33

599

Total =

1328

1984

236

226

6331

Source: Household survey: 2001.

 

There are 7 revenue administrative blocks and 9 educational blocks.  Mysore block is divided into two educational blocks Viz Mysore Urban and Mysore Rural.  Mysore urban is further bifurcated into two educational blocks Viz Mysore North and Mysore South for administrative purpose.  H.D.Kote and Nanjangud blocks are having vast geographical area because of forest.  Nanjangud block is having more number of gramapanchayaths in the district; this is due to more population in the district compared to remaining blocks of the district.  Apart from the above, the district has 9 municipalities, 1 city corporation, 7 taluka panchayaths, 42 zilla panchayath constituencies, 1 parliamentary constituency and 11 assembly constituencies.

Demographic Information.

Table 1.2:Population of the district.

Block

Urban Population

Rural Population

Male

Female

% F

Total

Male

Female

% F

Total

H.D.Kote

6189

5854

48.61

12043

116853

113719

49.32

230572

Hunsur

22395

21498

48.98

43893

107654

106591

49.75

214245

K.R.Nagara

15589

15014

49.06

30603

104926

103626

49.69

208552

Mysore Urban

399904

385896

49.11

785800

-

-

-

-

Mysore Rural

6203

5708

47.92

11911

121720

116890

48.99

238610

Nanjangud

24384

23836

49.43

48220

158345

151850

48.95

310195

Periyapatna

7601

7321

49.06

14922

108212

100888

48.25

209100

T.Narasipura

16766

16354

49.38

33120

125303

119733

48.86

245036

Total =

499031

481481

48.94

980512

843013

813297

49.10

1656310

 

Source: Census-2001.

The male population is slightly more than female population in all the blocks including urban and rural area. 

Table 1.3:Decadel Growth and Density.

Population (in lakh)

% of decadal growth

Population density per sq kms.

Total

Male

Female

1991

2001

1991

2001

26.24

13.35

12.89

24.84

15.04

333

383

Source: Census: 1991 & Census-2001.

The male population is considerably high compared to female population.  The decadel growth rate has been decreased from 24.84% to 15.04%.


SC / ST Population:

Table 1.4: SC / ST Population in the district:

Block

Population

SC

ST

Male

Female

Total

%

Male

Female

Total

%

H.D.Kote

216399

27472

26346

55818

25.79

5977

5344

11321

5.23

Hunsur

222173

20547

19342

39879

17.95

12081

11376

23457

10.56

K.R.Nagara

217370

14002

13133

27135

12.48

755

710

1465

0.67

Mysore Rural

854499

56453

48870

105323

12.33

7081

6129

13210

1.55

Nanjangud

324198

38042

32537

70579

21.77

12525

10714

2339

0.72

Periyapatna

188902

17254

13230

30484

16.14

3668

2815

6483

3.43

T.Narasipura

258112

33909

28653

62562

24.24

2777

2347

5124

1.99

Total =

2281653

207679

182111

391780

17.17

44864

39435

63399

2.78

Source: Census-2001.

The % of SC is more in H.D.Kote (25.79%), T.Narasipura (24.24%) and Nanjangud (21.77%) blocks compared to remaining blocks of the district.  The % of ST population is more in Hunsur (10.56%) H.D.Kote (5.23%) and Periyapatna (3.43%) compared to remaining blocks.

Details of Sex Ratio and Density.

 

Sex ratio of the district is 965 female per 1000 males and district population density is 419 per sq.kms.  Table 1.5: Sex ratio per 1000 males.

 

1901

1911

1921

1931

1941

1951

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

Karnataka

1983

981

969

965

960

966

959

957

963

960

964

Mysore

1009

1007

989

976

961

966

942

936

948

953

965

Source: Census report.

The female ratio of Mysore district is almost on par with the state as per census-2001.  Sex ratio has been marginally increased by 1% compared to 1991 census.

Table 1.6: Block wise detail of sex ratio and density of population.

Block

Sex ratio per 1000 males

Population density

H.D.Kote

972

149

Hunsu                       

985

288

K.R.Nagara

984

395

Mysore Rural

990

1257

Nanjangud

961

365

Periyapatna

935

275

T.Narasipura

958

464

Average =

965

419

Source: ZP Planning division-2001.

 

Population density of H.D.Kote (149 per sq.kms) is lowest of all the blocks is due to forest area.  Mysore (rural and urban) is thickly populated area where all basic amenities are easily available and employment opportunities are more.