KODGU DISTRICT

Kodagu is a small District rich in coffee plantation and have beautiful sceneries of forest, rivers and tourist places comprising of three taluks and have the population of 5,45,322. Kodagu is having the total area of 4102 Sq kms.

 

Physical Feature: Kodagu is a hilly area. Madikeri, the district Head Quarters is above 1270 meters from the sea level. Its physical features are full of diversity. It has valleys, plains, lush green forest, paddy fields, coffee and cardamom plantations. It is called the Kashmir of south India and Switzerland of India". It is known for its scenic beauty and attracts tourists in large numbers. River Cauvery originates from Kodagu.

 

GENERAL PROFILE (courtesy SSA KODAGU DISTRICT)

1. Geographical area in sq km: 4102 sq. km.

2. No. Of Revenue Blocks: 03

3. No. Of Educational Blocks: 03

4. No. Of Gram Panchayats: 97

5. No. Of Corporation Town: 01

6. No. Of Madikeri Urban Development Authority: 01

7. No. of Town Panchayaths: 05

8. No. Of Assembly seats: 03

9. No. Of Villages: 303

10. No. Of Habitations: 605

11. Percapita Income: Rs.3535/- per annum.

 

The percapita income of the District is Rs.3535. The district is composed of 3 taluks namely Madikeri, Somwarpet and Virajpet. It has 1 Madikeri Urban Developement Authority, 5 town panchayats and 97 grampanchayats, which includes 303 villages and 605 habitations. It has 16 hoblies and 60 hospitals. This district has 3 educational blocks namely Madikeri, Somavarpet and Virajpet.

 

Weather: The weather of Kodagu is cool and pleasant. It is situated in Western Ghats. The average rain fall is about 2725.5 mm. Rain fall is more in the months of June, July and August

Forests: The area of Kodagu (Coorg) is 410775 hectares, out of which 134615 hectares are forests. It means about 33% of the land is covered by forests. The Government gets a lot of revenue from this forest area especially from teak. People interested in Botany, Zoology, Agriculture, Horticulture and wildlife love to visit these forests.

Life Style, Culture &. Specialty: As per 2001 census Kodagu (Coorg) is small not only in area but also by its population. There are people of different castes like eravaru, kudiyaru, kurubas and tribals along with corgis (kodavas). It has large population of schedule caste also. Kodavas are the people living in Kodagu (Coorg) having some special features of their own. There is no definite theory about the original place of Kodavas. Even though there is no historical proof, there is no doubt that Kodavas belong to a very old civilization. They are having a life style and culture of their own, which is very special and attractive. Even their customs are also very special and attractive. This community has given great personalities like Field Marshall Cariappa and General Thimmaiah to our nation who are regarded as patriot sons of India & many more officers and jawans to the army.

Huttariya kunitha, bolukata, ummathata, kolata, olagathata and kathiyata are some of the folk dances of the Kodavas.

 

Festivals: Cauvery sankramana, shivaratri, huttari, kailapoladu, shashti and vishusankramana are some of the important festivals of Kodagu (Coorg). Kodavas have their own special way of dressing during festivals and marriages. The men folk will have a jaripeta, black long coat and will have a silver sword in their waist. The women folk will wear beautiful and attractive sarees and dress in their own special attractive way.

Language: They have their own language known as "Kodava language". It has no script of its own. It is a combination of Kannada, Tamil and Malayalam. But the words of Kannada are more. Appaneravanda Appachakavi and Nadikeriyanda Chinnappa are the two important poets and writers of Kodava language.

Important Kodagu Festivals: Kodavas follow Hindu customs. Indian festivals such as shivaratri, ugadi, sankramana and shashti are performed. In addition, they have their own festivals like Kailapoladu, Cauvery sankramana and Huttari. All these three festivals are performed in entire Kodagu (Coorg). The two Gods, which they pray more, are the Mother Cauvery and Iggutappadeva.

Sanctuaries: To the North-west of the source of river Cauvery is the Talacauvery Wild Life Sanctuary. The other sanctuaries in Kodagu are the Pushpagiri WildLife Sanctuary and the Brahmagiri Wild Life Sanctuary, Nagarahole National park; a protected area of worldwide repute is also situated in Kodagu and is a part of the Niligiri Bio-Sphere Reserve.

Temples: The Omkareshwara Temple in Madikeri, the temples in Talacauvery, Rameshwara Temple in Irpu, PadiIgguthappa Temple at Kakkabe, Ayyappa Temple at Virajpet, Sathyanarayana Temple at Nellihuddikeri, Palurappa Temple at Palur are some of the important temples in Kodagu. Apart from this every village in Kodagu has a temple with its own unique features.

Tourism: Kodagu district has abundant tourist places of picnic and places of pilgrimage. Such as Irpu falls, Abbey Falls, Nagarahole, Barapole Falls, Nisargadhama, Harangi Dam, Dubare Forest, Kumaradhara Forest Cheluvare Falls. Thalacauvery. Bhagamandala, Balamuri, Igguthappa Temple.

Industries: Industries enjoy a pivotal place in the economy of the district. There are several large and medium small-scale industries in the district. The major industries in Kodagu are Coffee Curing industries, Spices, Honey and Wax products. There are about 38 Industries and 1680 workers in Kodagu District

Medical Facilities: There are a very few medical facilities in Kodagu district both in Govt and Non Govt sectors. There are 7 Allopathic hospitals, 18 Nursing homes, 27 Primary health centers, 6 Community health centres, 2 Mobile tribal health units and 3 primary health units are working in this district.

B. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

Table: -1.1

TABLE SHOWING THE POPULATION - KODAGU DISTRICT

Sl No

Block Name

Area (in Sq km)

Population

1991

2001

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

1

Madikeri

1449

64200

63200

127400

70987

71025

142012

2

Somwarpet

999

91700

90800

182500

102739

103182

205921

3

Virajpet

1646

90900

87600

178500

101105

99523

200628

Total

4102

246800

241600

488400

274831

273730

548561

Source: - Census of India 2001

Though the area of Madikeri and Virajpet Taluks are wider, due to the geographic pattern the population is less when compared to the flat and level surface of Somavarpet Taluk, Hence we find that from Table 1.1 that the population is denser in this taluk.Table: -1.2

DETAILS OF POPULATION SC, ST & TOTAL

Sl No

Block Name

Total population

Total SC

Percentage

Total ST

Percentage

1

Madikeri

142012

14582

10.26

6908

4.86

2

Somavarpet

205921

31967

15.52

9201

4.46

3

Virajpet

200628

20873

10.40

30006

14.95

Total

548561

67422

12.29

46115

8.40

Source: - Census of India 2001

From the above table it is observed that the SC population is more in Somwarpet taluk when compared to the other two taluks. ST population of Virajpet taluk is more than that of other two-taluks. More focus has to be given to Somwarpet and Virajpet taluks.

Table: -1.3 RURAL AND URBAN POPULATION OF THE DISTRICT 2001

Sl No

Block Name

Rural

Urban

Total

% Rural

% Urban

1

Madikeri

109516

32496

142012

77.11

22.89

2

Somwarpet

185515

20406

205921

90.09

9.91

3

Virajpet

178148

22480

200628

88.79

11.21

Total

473179

75382

548561

86.25

13.75

Source: - Census of India 2001

The population in rural area is about 86.25% and population in urban areas is 13.75%. The reason being the rural areas are wider when compared to urban areas. It is observed from Table 1.3 that comparatively the urban population of Madikeri Taluk is higher than that of Somavarpet and Virajpet.

Table: -1.4

PERCENTAGE OF DECADAL GROWTH

Sl No

Block Name

Decadal Growth

%

Kodagu

1

Madikeri

11.09(+)

2

Somwarpet

12.85(+)

3

Virajpet

10.81(+)

Total

11.65

Source: - Census of India 2001

The decadal rate of Kodagu District is 11.65. This indicates the positive impact of education on population growth. The decadal growth of the total population is found to be highest in Somwarpet Taluk when compared to Madikeri and Virajpet Taluk.

 

Table: -1.5

 

 

DENSITY OF POPULATION AND SEX RATIO

 

Slno

Block name

Density per sq km

Sex ratio

Infant mortality rate

1991

2001

1

Madikeri

97

983

998

54

2

Somwarpet

206

989

1003

56

3

Virajpet

119

963

986

58

Total

113

979

996

57

Source: - Census of India 2001

 

It can be seen from the above table that Somavarpet Taluk is growing denser when compared to other taluks from 1991 to 2001.Density of population at Somavarpet Taluk is much higher compared to other two taluks. The male- female ratio is almost equal in Madikeri taluk ,the female ratio is less in Virajpet taluk where as the female ratio has exceeded male ratio in Somwarpet taluk. The infant mortality rate is highest in Virajpet and lowest in Madikeri and District infant mortality rate is 57. The increase in sex ratio indicates the positive trend towards girl children in the district.

 

Table: -1.6

LITERACY RATE OF KODAGU DISTRICT

Sl.

No

Literacy Rate

1991

2001

1

MALE

75.35

83.80

2

FEMALE

61.22

72.50

3

SC

55.40

60.31

4

ST

29.27

36.25

5

TOTAL

68.35

78.17

Source: - Census of India 2001

The literacy rate of Kodagu district is 78.17%. There has been a gradual increase in literacy of male and female over a decade. The district education profile clearly reflects the complex socio-economic factors affecting education.

 

 

LIST OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

 

SL NO

 

NOs

1

PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL

692

2

LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOL

208

3

UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOL

282

4

HIGHSCHOOL

114

5

P U COLLEGE

011

6

DEGREE COLLEGE

008

7

PRIMARY TEACHERS TRAINING INSTITUTE

005

8

HIGHSCHOOL TEACHERS TRAINING INSTITUTE

001

9

MEDICAL COLLEGE

000

10

POLYTECHNIC

002

11

COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURJARY

001

12

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

001

13

COLLEGE OF NURSING

001

14

COLLEGE OF FORESTERY

001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List of the D Ed colleges.

 

 

Sl.No

Name of the T T I

Address

Type of the Institute

Contact No

1

SARASWATHI T T I

 

SARASWATHI T T I

MADIKERI

KODAGU

UN-AIDED

08272-224978

2

SARVODAYA T T I

SARVODAYA T T I

VIRAJPET

KODAGU DISTRICT.

UN-AIDED

08274-260452

3

M H RAMAIAH D.Ed COLLEGE

 

M H RAMAIAH D.Ed COLLEGE

SOMAVAR PET

KODAGU DISTRICT

UN-AIDED

08276-284861

4

S.M.S D.Ed COLLEGE

S.M.S D.Ed COLLEGE

ARAMERI

VIRAJPET

KODAGU DISTRICT

UN-AIDED

08274-254865

 

 

List of the B. Ed colleges.

 

Sl.No

Name of the T T I

Address

Type of the Institute

Contact No

1

SARVODAYA B.Ed COLLEGE

SARVODAYA B.Ed COLLEGE

VIRAJPET

KODAGU DISTRICT.

UN-AIDED

08274-260047

 

Educational features

Name of the Block

School

Government

Social/Tribal welfare

Aided

Un Aided

Somavarpet

L P S

68

3

-

9

H P S

81

-

2

15

Madikeri

L P S

53

4

1

2

H P S

72

-

6

11

Virajpet

L P S

53

-

1

15

H P S

65

6

2

26

 

Total

392

13

12

78

 

Teacher Index

 

Name of the Block

 

Government

Aided

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Somavarpet

240

471

711

00

11

11

Madikeri

99

416

515

01

08

09

Virajpet

115

467

582

02

29

31

Total

454

1354

1808

03

48

51