District Profile

    

Geographical  Feature :

 

Mandya district popularly known as ‘Land of Sugar’ came in to existence on 1st of July 1939. Earlier it was part of Mysore district. It is one of the districts with fertile land in south Karnataka.

 

          The district is located in the south east of Karnataka State and shares its borders with the districts of Mysore, Hassan, Tumkur and Bangalore. Most of the land is flat, interspersed with hilly region and sparsely vegetated by thorns and bushes. The district is situated at the height of 762 to 914 meters from the sea level.

 

          The district consists of 7 revenue blocks and for the easy educational administration the district is divided into 8 educational blocks. Total area of the district is 4961 square kms, out of which 3.11 lakh hectares are cultivated land, 0.24 lakh hectares are covered by forest area and remaining 1.63 lakh hectares are barren and uncultivable.

 

The prominent rivers that have influenced the life of the people of Mandya district are Cauvery, Hemavathi, Lokapavani, Simsha and Veera vaishnavi. Branches of river Cauvery discends from the height of 200 feet at Shivanasamudra of Malavally taluk to form beautiful falls by name ‘ Gaganachukki ‘ and ‘ Bharachukki’. The famous Krishna Raja Sagara dam is built across the river Cauvery  in Srirangapatna  taluk and world famous ‘Brindavan garden’ is situated near the dam.

Soil of the district can be classified into three groups, such as,   

 

v     Red sandy loams

v     Red clavey loams

v     Clavey loams

 

These type of soils are suitable to cultivate different crops like sugarcane, Paddy, Ragi, Jowar, ground nuts etc.,

SOCIO ECONMIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS

 

          LANGUAGE : ‘ Kannada’ is the  prominent language of the district. But Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi , Marathi speaking people are also there in the district.

 

 

          LITERATURE : The district has given so many great personalities to the field of literature. Among them  M.L. Srikantesha gowda, R. Narasimhachar, M.A.Ramanyengar, Alasingachar, B.M.Srikantaiah, M.R.Srinivasa murthy, Sitharama sasthry, A.N.Murthy rao, Pu.Thi.Na., H.L.Nage gowda, Smt.Vani, Thriveni and Aryamba Pattabhi, Sithasutha, Dr.Besagara hally Ramanna , and famous K.S.Narasimha swamy , Sobane Chikkamma, jee.Sham.Paramashivaiah are some of the prominent writers and authors of the district who were made the literery field rich.

 

 

          OCCUPATION : Agriculture is the major occupation in the district. The prominent crops are Sugarcane, Paddy, Ragi, Jowar, Groundnut, Sericulture and Coconut to som extent in K.R.Pet and Nagamangala taluks. Most of the people are depending on agriculture to earn their livelyhood.Women folk also engaged themselves in Agriculture activity. Sugarcane and Paddy are the commercial crops and in recent days sericulture place a vital role in improving the economy of the district.

 

 

          INDUSTRIES : Since the sugarcane is the major crop in the district, there are four sugar factories, several khandasari sugar units and many Jaggery producing units . Milk products producing factory , edible oil producing factory, BPL battery factory and several small scale industries are there in the district.

 

 

          IMPORTANT PLACES: K.R.S.dam, Brindavan gardens, Sri ranganatha temple, Rangana thittu and Kokkare Belluru bird sanctuaries, Gaganachukki and Bharachukki water falls, Hemagiri,Muthethi, Shivanasamudra Hydro electric station ( first in Asia), Tippu palace, tippu fort, Melukote, Adi chunchana giri, Shivapura sathyagraha soudha, are some of the prominent places which attracts tourist from different parts of the country.

 

 

          CULTURAL CHARECTERISTICS : Several local festivals gain important place in the district.

          Folk songs like Sobane, Jogula, Hacche, Suggi, Lavani etc., Folk dances like Nandi dhwja, Pata kunitha, Pooja kunitha, Somana kunitha, Mari kunitha, Veera makkala kunitha, Panjina kunitha, Karagada kunitha, Onake kunitha, Garudi mela,Huli vesha, Kamsale etc., play a major role in the cultural history of the district.

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

 

 

          DISTRICT LEVEL : Deputy Commissioner and the Chief Executive Officer are the district heads to Revenue and Zilla panchayath respectively. More than 20 departments are working within the perview of the Zilla panchayath.Among them Education and Health are the imporant ones. At district level Deputy Director of Public Instruction (Administration) and Deputy Director of Public Instruction (Development) are the Heads of the education department at district level.

 

 

          BLOCK LEVEL : At taluka level Thahasildhar and the Taluk panchayath Executive Officer are the Heads of the block.Block Education Officer looking after all responsibility related to educational administration and Block Co-ordinator of BRCs taking care of Inservice teacher traning at the block level.

 

 

          VILLAGE LEVEL : Grama panchayaths plays a vital role at the village level for all the developmental activities of the village. At village level in all the school there are School development and monitoring committeess  (SDMC) are established. It is the sub committee of Grama panchayath which is taking care of all developmental activities.

 

 

              

                         Other general information of the district are as follows

 

Sl.No.

Description

Numbers

1

Geographical area

4961 skm

2

No. of  Revenue Blocks

07

3

No. Educational Blocks

08

4

No. of Habitations

2033

5

No of Grama Panchayaths

232

6

No. Town panchayaths

05

7

No. of TMCs

04

8

No. CMCs

01

9

No. of assembly constituencies

09

10

No. of Loka sabha constituency

01

11

No. of Sub divisions

02

 

Historical profile : -

 

Srirangapatna, the island fortress of the legendary warrier king Tippu sultan popularly known as “Tiger of Mysore” is just 25 K.Ms from Mandya city. Inside the fortress is Tippu’s Mosque with its twin minarats, the celebrated Ranganatha swamy temple, Tippu’s summer palace, the Wellesley bridge and dungeons where British officers were once imprisoned. Equally impressive is the ornate white domed Gumbaz, an imposing  structure with dooms of ebony inlaid with ivory and lacquered with Tippu’s Tiger – striped emblem. About 1 KM to the east of the fort, Tippu’s summer palace known as the Dariadaulat bagh (Museum) is set amidst a lovely garden. 

 

Shivapura  ..

 

Demographic profile : -

 

POPULATION : As per 1991 census , the population of the district was 16.45 lakhs. But as per 2001 census the population is increased to 17.53 lakhs with a decadal growth rate of 7.14, where as the decadal growth rate during 1981 to 1991 was 15.96. this clearly indicates that there is decrease in the growth rate of population in the disrict, which inturn reflects on child population. Decrease in growth rate is a very good indicator of  successful implementation of family planning campaign.

 

Blockwise / genderwise population details

 

Sl.No.

Name of the Revenue block

Total Population

Male

Female

Total

1

K.R.PET

123531

124714

248245

2

MADDUR

146707

144076

290783

3

MALAVALLY

143422

138387

281809

4

MANDYA

205798

199814

405612

5

NAGAMANGALA

94186

96584

190770

6

PANDAVAPURA

87458

87551

175009

7

S.R.PATNA

82625

110359

192984

TOTAL

883727

901485

1785212

                                                       Source : 2001 census

 

LITERACY SCENARIO

 

Successful  completion of Total Literacy Campaign and proper implementation  of DPEP, there is an increase in literacy  rate by 12.06 in the last decade. In addition to these, good schooling facilities, attractive incentive schemes adapted in primary education and awareness among community are some of the factors contributing in increasing literacy rate. There is an allmost equal increase in the literacy rate of Male and Female  in the last decade , ie 12.27 and 12.91 respectively.Highest of 18.04% of literacy rate is increased in Mandya block and lowest of 9.51% in Nagamangala block  during the last decade. At present there is an highest of 66.02% of literacy rate in Mandya taluk and lowest of 56.02% in Malavally  taluk.  

 

 

Blockwise Literacy details

 

Sl.no.

Name of the revenue Blocks

Literacy rate

1991 census

2001 census

Difference

M

F

T

M

F

T

M

F

T

1

K.R.Pet

61.8

38.76

50.28

73.43

50.82

62.04

11.63

12.06

11.76

2

Maddur

56.76

37.58

47.17

68.7

50.52

59.67

11.94

12.94

12.5

3

Malavally

53.53

35.76

44.67

64.62

47.15

56.02

11.09

11.39

11.35

4

Mandya

57.37

38.6

47.98

74.4

57.43

66.02

17.03

18.83

18.04

5

Nagamangala

63.94

39.95

51.94

73.9

49.36

61.45

9.96

9.41

9.51

6

Pandavapura

56.08

34.19

45.13

67.01

46.88

56.92

10.93

12.69

11.79

7

S.R.Patna

57.84

41.9

49.87

71.13

54.98

63.13

13.29

13.08

13.26

TOTAL

58.19

38.11

48.15

70.46

51.02

60.75

12.27

12.91

12.60

                                      Source : 2001 census

 

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION SCENARIO

 

 

EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTIONS: There are 1108 LPS and 1025 HPS  in he district. Out of which 1023 LPS and 824 HPS are run by the Government and 85 LPS and 201 HPS are private aided /unaided schools.

 

          In addition to these , there are 297 High schools , 1655 Anganawadi centres  run by Department of Women & Child development, Medical college, Nursery training Institution and Engineering college and TTI are also there in the district. Totally there is a very good access for all levels of education.

 

          EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTIONS

      

SL.NO.

INSTITUTIONS

Total numbers

1

Lower Primary schools (I to V )

1079

2

Higher Primary schools (I to VII)

1025

3

High schools

297

4

Composite Junior Colleges

46

5

Teacher Training Institutes

18

6

Engineering  Colleges

01

7

Medical college

01

8

Industrial Training Institutes

05

9

Agriculture Colleges

01

10

Post graduate centre

01

11

B.Ed., college

04

12

Pre University College

75

13

Polytechnic college

03

14

Anganawadi centres

1655

 

92.33 % of primary schools are run by the Government.  In all most all habitations  primary schools are opened and there is an easy access of schooling facilities to all the children within their reach. Because of  low birth rate during last decade as we discussed in the earlier , there is a considerable decrease of strength in many of the schools . Hence it is planned to close few such schools.

 

No. of HPS and LPS in the District ( Blockwise)

 

Sl no

Name of the educational Blocks

LPS  ( I to V)

HPS ( I to VII )

Govt

Aided

Un aided

Govt

Aided

Un aided

1

K.R. Pet.

212

0

9

136

2

22

2

Maddur

124

0

19

126

3

29

3

Malavally

128

0

14

140

2

23

4

Mandya north

146

2

15

179

16

43

5

Mandya south

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Nagamagala

248

0

3

129

2

11

7

Pandavapura

102

0

5

80

3

21

8

S.R.Patna

63

0

18

64

4

20

TOTAL

1023

2

83

824

32

169

 

Pre-service Teacher Training Institutes in the District:

         

Till the end of 2004 there were only 5 Pre-service Teacher Training Institutes including DIET in the district. Now it has increased totally to 18.

 

 

List of D.Ed. Colleges in the District

 

Sl.No.

Name of the T T I* /D.Ed+ College

Address

Govt /Aided / Un-Aided

Contact No

1

DIET Mandya

Mandya

Govt.

220359

2

Govt.T.T.I.  Nagamangala

Nagamangala Tq.

Govt.

258800

3

Govt. T.T.I.  Bachanahally

Malavally  Tq.

Govt.

No phone

4

St.Joseph  Girls T.T.I . Mandya

Mandya Tq.

Aided

221095

5

K.V.S. T.T.I.  Keragodu

Mandya Tq.

Unaided

272200

6

P.E.T. D.Ed. college  Mandya

Mandya Tq.

Unaided

222452

7

Mandavya D.E.d college Mandya

Mandya Tq.

Unaided

229375

8

A.E.T. D.Ed. college  Mandya

Mandya Tq.

Unaided

230585

9

Raitha D.Ed. college    Hanakere

Mandya Tq.

Unaided

274384

10

B.G.S.  D.Ed. college  S.R.Patna

S.R.Patna  Tq.

Unaided

252019

11

S.C.M.M.  D.Ed. college.  Somanahally

Maddur  Tq.

Unaided

232249

12

Shivayogi Muneswara D.Ed. college Shivapura

Maddur Tq.

Unaided

233360

13

Bharathi  D.Ed. college  K.M.Doddi

Maddur Tq.

Unaided

245773

14

Bhagawan Budha D.Ed. college  Malavally

Malavally  Tq.

Unaided

242101

15

Vivekananda  D.Ed. college  K.R.Pet

K.R.Pet Tq.

Unaided

211234

16

Chayadevi  D.Ed. college  K.R.Pet

K.R.Pet Tq.

Unaided

No Phone

17

S.M.Lingappa D.Ed. college  K.R.Pet

K.R.Pet  Tq.

Unaided

263358

18

Melakote DEd college

 

 

No phone

                       * TTI – Teacher Training Institute   ,  + DEd.-  Diploma in Education